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Last updated October 2nd, 2023 by Avigdor Book

Operational Technology (OT) has become integral to modern industrial operations, but with its increased adoption comes a whole new landscape of cybersecurity risks. OT risk management is a critical component to secure vital assets and infrastructures. This blog post aims to delve into the various elements of OT risk management, offering you insights, methodologies, and actionable steps to bolster your cybersecurity posture.

Why OT Risk Management Matters

The intersection of Information Technology (IT) and OT has opened up a world of efficiencies and automation. However, it has also created vulnerabilities that cybercriminals are eager to exploit. OT is often related to critical infrastructure like power grids, manufacturing plants, and water treatment facilities. A cyberattack on these systems can have catastrophic consequences. Therefore, risk assessment in OT environments is not just an option—it’s a necessity.

What is the OT Risk Management Process?

The OT risk management process involves identifying, analyzing, and mitigating risks related to operational technology. It incorporates risk identification, risk analysis, risk evaluation, and ultimately, the implementation of security controls and mitigation measures. This often involves the participation of various stakeholders, from CISOs to operational managers, each contributing their expertise to manage cyber threats effectively.

What Does OT Stand For in Cybersecurity?

In the realm of cybersecurity, OT stands for Operational Technology. Unlike traditional IT systems, OT systems are designed to control and monitor industrial operations in real-time. These can range from industrial control systems (ICS) to PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers). OT cybersecurity focuses on securing these operational systems from cyber threats, ensuring the integrity and availability of critical infrastructure.

Key Components of an OT Risk Management Framework

Risk Identification

The first step in managing risk is identifying the vulnerabilities and potential cyber threats to your OT networks. By understanding the risks, security teams can make informed decisions on what areas need attention first.

Risk Analysis

A thorough risk analysis should be conducted to quantify the risks and prioritize them. Use methodologies like NIST frameworks or IEC 62443 standards for risk assessment to optimize this process.

Mitigation Strategies

After prioritizing the identified risks, your next task is to create a mitigation roadmap. This should include implementing security controls, such as authentication measures and incident response protocols, to minimize the potential impact of a cyberattack.

Continuous Monitoring

Operational risk in OT is dynamic and needs regular reevaluation. Employ security program methodologies that adapt to new vulnerabilities and continually adjust your strategies to manage emerging risks.

How Tufin Can Assist in OT Risk Management

Tufin specializes in network security policy management and can provide an effective framework for managing risks in OT environments. With Tufin Orchestration Suite, you can get a centralized view of your security policies across both IT and OT networks, streamlining compliance and cyber security risk management.

Learn more about proactive orchestration of risk management in our previous blog post to understand how Tufin’s solution fits into your OT risk management strategy.


Navigating the complex landscape of OT risk management is challenging, but it’s essential for safeguarding critical infrastructure and industrial processes. Employing a structured approach, leveraging industry best practices, and adopting robust security solutions can significantly reduce your exposure to cyber threats.


Q: What is OT Risk Management?

A: OT risk management involves identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks related to operational technology in industrial environments.

For a deeper understanding, check out our microsegmentation as a risk management strategy blog post.

Q: How Does OT Risk Management Differ From IT Risk Management?

A: OT focuses on real-time industrial control systems, while IT concentrates on information systems. The methodologies and security requirements can differ substantially.

Learn more about the nuances by attending our risk in the cloud webinar.

Q: Why Should Companies Prioritize OT Risk Management?

A: OT systems often control critical infrastructure, making them high-value targets for cyberattacks. Failure to manage these risks can result in significant downtime and operational losses.

To know more about metrics that matter, read our article on security operations metrics for cybersecurity.

Wrapping Up

Considering enhancing your OT risk management? Request a demo today to explore how Tufin can help you secure your operational technology environments.

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