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Published August 31st, 2023 by Avigdor Book

Microsoft Azure’s Route Table is a powerful tool that allows for the control and direction of network traffic within a virtual network. This article provides an in-depth overview of Azure Route Tables, their use cases, creation, and configuration. You’ll also get a glimpse into how Tufin’s comprehensive solutions can optimize your network’s security and manageability.

Understanding Azure Route Tables

An Azure Route Table is a set of custom routes that dictate how network traffic should move within a virtual network (VNet). It offers a way to control the flow of data, ensuring it reaches the correct endpoint. For instance, if a subnet in your VNet needs to communicate with a virtual appliance, the Azure Route Table can direct the traffic accordingly.

Azure Route Tables are fundamental to the concept of User-Defined Routes (UDRs), which are custom routes within the Azure portal that you can configure. These UDRs provide granular control over network traffic, allowing it to bypass or be directed toward specific network interfaces, virtual network gateways, or virtual machines.

Creating and Configuring Azure Route Tables

Creating an Azure Route Table is a straightforward process. Within the Azure portal, you’ll need to define the route table name, subscription, resource group, and location. Then, you can start adding routes to your table. Each route requires a name, address prefix (CIDR format), and next hop type.

Next hop types determine the endpoint to which Azure should direct traffic. For example, a Virtual Network Gateway next hop type would direct traffic to an Azure VPN Gateway or ExpressRoute.

Once you’ve created your routes, you’ll need to associate them with a subnet within your VNet. This association allows the Azure Route Table to route traffic from that subnet according to your defined routes.

Remember to save your configurations once you’re done. You can also use PowerShell or CLI for creating and managing Azure Route Tables if you’re more comfortable with scripting.

Azure Route Tables vs NSGs

When it comes to controlling network traffic in Azure, Network Security Groups (NSGs) and Route Tables serve different but complementary roles. NSGs act like a firewall, controlling inbound and outbound traffic based on security rules.

On the other hand, Azure Route Tables dictate the flow of network traffic within your VNet, offering more granular control over routing paths. While both are essential components of Azure networking, they serve distinct functions and shouldn’t be used interchangeably.

Leveraging Tufin in Azure Networking

While Azure provides the tools to create and manage network routes, managing large-scale or complex networks can be complicated and demanding, leading to long SLA’s and prone to human error. This is where Tufin brings immense value.

Tufin offers comprehensive solutions for firewall optimization and firewall management. It enables centralized Azure firewall management, ensuring your Azure Route Tables and NSGs are managed effectively. Tufin also provides hybrid cloud security solutions, allowing you to enforce consistent security policies across your on-premises and cloud environments.


Q: What is an Azure Route Table?

A: An Azure Route Table is a set of user-defined routes in a virtual network, dictating how network traffic should move within the network. It offers granular control over the flow of data, ensuring it reaches the correct endpoint.

To learn more about Azure networking, check out Inter vs. Intra- VPC.

Q: Where is the route table in Azure?

A: You can find the Azure Route Table within the Azure portal. From the navigation menu, select ‘All Services’, then search for ‘Route Tables’.

It’s important to manage your Route Tables effectively, for more tips on this, read our article on IAM cloud security.

Q: How do I create an Azure Route Table?

A: You can create an Azure Route Table within the Azure portal, PowerShell, or CLI. Once created, you can add routes and associate them with a subnet within your VNet.

You may want to read our article on ensuring that the use of cloud services meet defined security and compliance requirements.

Wrapping Up

After delving into the Azure Route Table, it’s clear that it’s an integral component of your Azure virtual network. When managed effectively, it can significantly improve your network traffic flow and, in conjunction with other tools such as Tufin, bolster your overall network security posture. Click here for a demo to find out more!

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